If you are looking to build a Hackintosh and have never built a computer before, chances are you have a lot of questions. This will be a basic rundown of what components a computer needs and what components you will need should you chose to build a Hackintosh.
There are 7 basic components your computer needs to run.
- Central Processing Unit (CPU)
- Random Access Memory (RAM) or (memory)
- A graphics card or integrated graphics
- Hard Drive (HDD) or Solid State Drive (SSD)
- Power Supply (PSU)
- A Case
1 Central Processing Unit (CPU)
Think of the CPU as the brain of your computer. The better your CPU the faster your computer can process information, so a fast CPU will result in a lightning-quick system.
The two brands of consumer desktop CPU’s are AMD and Intel. For Hackintosh compatibility, you must use an Intel processor. Your CPU will fit into your motherboard in a socket.
Every other time Intel releases new processors, they release a new socket type, so it is important to make sure that your CPU and motherboard are compatible.
The current sockets are LGA1150 and LGA2011 (power users and servers). CPU speed is measured in gigahertz or GHz the higher, the better; however, clock speed is not an absolute measure of speed, and you will want to research the performance of a CPU before buying it.
Side note: For Intel processors, if the socket types match up, the CPU and motherboard will be compatible. This does not apply to AMD.
The motherboard connects all your components and ensures that they can communicate with each other. The motherboard contains the socket for your CPU, the sockets for the RAM, all the ports that you will use to connect devices to your computer, and pretty much all the other connectors you will need.
Motherboards also contain a number of PCI slots, which are special high-speed interfaces used for connecting graphics cards and other internal devices. Your motherboard will also include SATA cables for connecting your internal hard drives.
Your BIOS is also built into a chip on your motherboard. Motherboards for desktops come in various standardized sizes. EATX, ATX, MATX, and M_ITX are the common sizes from largest to smallest.